Sunday, 21 July 2013

Romans 11 - Thoughts and Notes

Explanatory Notes

Romans 11

1 Has God made salvation impossible for a Jewish person? No. For Paul himself was a Jewish person

2-6 There are numbers of Jewish people being saved - saved on God's chosen basis, the basis of grace not the works of the Law

7 Israel as a whole has not obtained salvation, but the election - that group which God had promised He would justify - that is, those who would receive God's salvation on His own stated basis - that is, on the basis of faith - has obtained it. And the rest were blinded, as a consequence of their unbelief

8 As a consequence of - not as the cause of - their unbelief

9-10 This state was not the cause of their sin, but a consequence of it

11 Is theirs an irretrievable position? No: rather, God is already implementing a strategy for their potential restoration: that strategy being the provoking of a Jewish person to jealousy through a Gentile person's experience of the promised salvation

12 Gentiles are being saved despite Israel's fall, not because of Israel's fall. A Jewish person's 'fulness' (salvation) is still possible - then he in turn can bring Gentile persons to salvation (Paul himself is an example of this happening)

13-14 The strategy works on an individual basis - Paul wasn't thinking of some future, instantaneous, nationwide conversion of all Israelites through this strategy - but the strategy works with some of them

15 Seeing the reconciling of the world was able to coincide notwithstanding the casting away of them, how much more the receiving of them. It can still happen, on an individual basis

17-18 A warning against a conceited attitude towards one's salvation

20 Unbelief was the cause; faith is the cure

21 He spared them not, because of their unbelief

22 Continuing in His goodness is the basis of inclusion in salvation

23 Discontinuing in unbelief enables a Jewish person to be included in salvation

24 Seeing Gentiles can be saved, how much more can a Jewish person still be saved

25 The word "for" indicates that the objective of what follows is to prove what had so far been stated, not to introduce a totally new concept.

Blindness, as a consequence of unbelief, had become the experience of many Jews; and this would be the case until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in - that is, until the end, the second coming of Christ.

26,27 "And so…" [not, and then] meaning, in this manner, or according to this scheme. Then Paul quotes an Old Testament Scripture which authenticates the notion that Jewish individuals can be saved. The promise is received by the remnant of believing Jews. This was affected by the first coming of Jesus, it does not of necessity await the second coming. Believing Jews are experiencing it now.

29 Again gathering our thoughts to the objective of the entire passage: that a Jewish person can still be saved

30,31 "…now…" Paul is explaining a present reality, not an awaited future.  It's the mutual experience of Jew and Gentile "…now…"

32 The whole passage is a soteriological explanation, not an eschatological forecast

33-36 Praise God!

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